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時制-009


 

■Tense-009
●Insert a word into the parentheses so that the following sentences mean the same.

 

He died three years ago.
= He has (   )(   )(   )three years.
= (   )is three years (   )he died.
= Three years (   )(   )(   )he died.

 

 ↓
 ↓埋めた?
 ↓
 ↓
 ↓

 

●Answer

 

09.been dead for
= It since
= have passed since

 

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【解説】

 

■時制-009
●適語補充同意文

 

009.
He died three years ago.
= He has (been)(dead)(for)three years.
=(It)is three years (since)he died.
= Three years (have)(passed)(since)he died.

 

「彼は3年前に亡くなった」
「彼が亡くなって3年になる」

 

 

時制に注意すべき書き換え問題。

 

die(動詞)die - died - died - dying
dead(形容詞)

 

It is three years 〜. は
It has been three years 〜. も可。

 

その他
I've known him for ten years.
= I came to know him ten years ago.
= I became (got でもよい) acquainted with him ten years ago.

 

「私は彼と知り合って10年になる」
「私は10年前に彼と知り合った」

 

 

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